by Ned Blackhawk

In the summer of 1876, two dramatically different places captured the American nation’s attention. As the summer began, fairgoers in Philadelphia teemed into the Centennial Exhibition held to commemorate the one hundredth anniversary of independence. Millions marveled at the majestic torch and metal hand that had just come from France, an initial gift to commemorate the two nations’ shared revolutionary spirits. Alexander Graham Bell’s telephone and other technological wonders were unveiled at Machinery Hall, the centerpiece of the fair, while on opening night an orchestra and thousand-person choir performed the national anthems of the forty-nine nations invited to this first American world’s fair.More »

Featured Primary Sources

“Chicago in Flames,” Harper’s Weekly, October 28, 1871 (Gilder Lehrman Collectio

An eyewitness account of the Great Chicago Fire, 1871

Creator: John R. Chapin Curriculum Subjects: Grade Levels:
Horace Greeley, ca. 1861 (GLC05596.10)

Horace Greeley: “Go West,” 1871

Creator: Horace Greeley Curriculum Subjects: Grade Levels: 9, 10, 11, 12, 13+
George A. Custer, ca. 1865 (GLC04007.02)

Indian Wars: The Battle of Washita, 1868

Creator: George Custer Curriculum Subjects: Grade Levels: 9, 10, 11, 12, 13+
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Teaching Resources

Alamo Simulation

Curriculum Subjects: Geography Grade Levels: 9, 10, 11, 12
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Parks and Politics: A Look at Federal Land

Speaker(s): Patricia Limerick

The American West: A Work in Progress

Speaker(s): Patricia Limerick
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Interactive Features

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